Histopathological analysis of breast lump in an urban community hospital laboratory

Reetu Baral

Abstract


Introductions: Breast lump is mostly benign in nature however carcinoma of
the breast also presents as a simple lump. Since breast carcinoma is the second
most common killer of the female cancer it is important to detect it at early
stage and treat. The purpose of the study was to analyse histopathology profile
of breast lump.

Methods: Histopathology samples were received, processed, reported and
recorded in the Pathology laboratory of Helping Hands Community Hospital,
Kathmandu. Data analysed from 2008 to 2011. Descriptive statistics was used
to analyse the data.

Results: Out of 1991 histopathology samples 68 were breast lumps. Fifty
(73.5%) were benign and 18 (26.5%) were malignant. Ten (55.5%) of carcinoma was seen in between 41 and 50 years. Eleven (46%) of the malignant neoplasm were of Stage IIIA.

Conclusions: Every fourth sample had carcinoma and it is mostly seen after 40
years of age.

Keywords: biopsy, breast lump, carcinoma, fibroadenoma


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