Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy in Management of Urolithiasis
Introductions: Since 1980, when Chaussy in West Germany first demonstratedÂ the efficacy of Dornier prototype lithotripsy HM1, extra corporeal shock waveÂ lithotripsy has become a convenient, noninvasive, outpatient procedure usedÂ to fragment urinary stones. It is a standard internationally accepted first lineÂ preferred option for the management of renal stone less than 2.5 cm size.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the department of surgeryÂ of Shree Birendra Hospital on outpatient department basis during the periodÂ of March 2002 to February 2012. All consecutive patients presenting with renalÂ and upper ureteric stones detected either on X-ray or ultrasound of the Kidney-Ureter-Bladder who were treated with extra corporeal shock wave lithotripsy.Â Descriptive analysis included age, sex, stone location, need of total session, useÂ of double J stent and complications.
Results: Total 710 diagnosed cases of urolithiasis were taken for the study. TheÂ youngest age was 16 years and oldest 69 years of age. Overall stone clearanceÂ rate was 73.52%. The stone free rate for upper, middle, and lower calyx wereÂ 85.94%, 90.20% and 50.52% respectively.
Conclusions: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy was successful in the
management of the stones smaller than 2.5 cm in all caliceal locations andÂ minimal morbidity.
Keywords: ESWL, steinstrasse, urolithiasis