Practice of Universal Precautions among Nurses
Introductions: The purpose of this study was to find out the effectiveness ofÂ educational intervention in improving knowledge and practice of universalÂ precautions among nurses.
Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study conducted at PatanÂ Hospital in August 2008. Fifty nurses with minimum one year of experienceÂ were included. Twelve, out of 50 samples were selected by drawing lot forÂ the study of practice of universal precautions. A semi-structured questionnaireÂ was used to measure the knowledge and practice of universal precautions.
Results: The findings revealed that there was significant difference in the
pre and post-intervention test mean knowledge. The grand mean score of
knowledge and practice of universal precautions as a whole were 31.86 andÂ 44.55 with standard deviations of 10.46 and 3.90; and 68.61 and 87.70 withÂ standard deviations of 3.70 and 2.55 in the pre and post intervention testsÂ respectively.
Conclusions: Educational intervention had significant role in increasing
knowledge and practice of universal precautions among nurses.
Keywords: blood-borne infections, body fluids, knowledge and practice, needle
stick injury, universal precautions