Conversion from Laparoscopic to Open Cholecystectomy

  • Samir Shrestha Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Surendra Shah Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Sanjay Poudyal Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Jay N Shah Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Vijaya Kumar Jaiswal Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal

Abstract

Introductions: With the advent of newer technology, the era of open surgery for gall bladder diseases has been preferably taken over by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, certain cases still require conversion to open surgery. In this review we aim to analyze the reason for conversion.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at Patan Hospital, Patan Acdemy of Health Sciences, Nepal. All patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from February 2009 to July 2012 were included in the study. File numbers of all the patients were obtained from operation room register. The patient files were analyzed for age, sex, duration of symptoms, liver function tests, ultrasound findings and the description in operation note for reason for conversion.
Results: The age ranged from 12 to 81 years with mean age of patients 32.76 years and male to female ratio 1:2.9. The mean operating time was 65 minutes and average post operative hospital stay was 1.61 days. Out of 305 patients, 34 (11.14%) required open conversion. Factors esponsible for open conversion were dense fibrosis at Calots in 11 (3.6%), adhesions due to previous abdominal surgery in 6 (1.9%), uncontrollable bleeding in 5 (1.6%), bile duct injury in 4 (1.3%) cholecystoenteric fistula in 3 (0.9%), Mirizzi’s syndrome 2(0.6%).
Conclusions: Adhesions at the calot’s triangle was the common reason for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy.
Keywords: adhesions, conversion, gallstone, laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Author Biographies

Samir Shrestha, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Surendra Shah, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Lecturer, Department of Surgery, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Sanjay Poudyal, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Jay N Shah, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Professor, Department of Surgery, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Vijaya Kumar Jaiswal, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Professor, Department of Surgery, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
Published
2014-07-04
Section
General Section - Original Articles