Outcome of Laparoscopic Nephrectomy in Benign Renal Disease

Naresh Kumar Giri, Narayan Thapa, Bikash Bikram Thapa, Bharat Bahadur Bhandari, Bhairab Kumar Hamal

Abstract


Introductions: Laparoscopic surgery is rapidly emerging option in urology. With the advances in technology and instruments currently this is viable alternative to treat complex surgical diseases as well as reconstructive surgery.

 

Methods: This is a prospective observational study to analyze the outcome of laparoscopy nephrectomy. A total of 51 patients’ had undergone laparoscopy nephrectomy over the period of five years. The variables analyzed were, age, sex, operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, conversion rate and complication.

 

Results: The mean patient's age was 41.1 years (range 15 - 71 years). Indications of nephrectomy were non-functional kidney secondary to stone disease in 26 (50.98%). Mean operative time was 1.43 hours. Median hospital stay was 2.3 days.

 

Conclusions:  Laparoscopy surgery is a safe and feasible treatment option for the benign renal disease with comparable outcomes. Non functional kidney secondary to renal stone was the major cause of nephrectomy in this study.

 

Keywords: benign renal disease, laparoscopic nephrectomy, nonfictional kidney, nephrolithiasis


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