Assessment of patients presenting in shock at emergency department in a tertiary care teaching hospital Hospital

Sumana Bajracharya, Ashis Shrestha, Roshana Shrestha, Rashmi Thapa, Samita Acharya, Kabita Hada

Abstract


IIntroductions: Clinical profile of patient presenting with shock is important in early recognition and intervention to improve outcome especially in resource limited setup. This study is designed with an objective to evaluate history, clinical findings, laboratory findings and provisional diagnosis of patient presenting with shock.

 

Methods: This was cross sectional observational study conducted at Patan Hospital emergency department from September to November 2014. All consecutive patients presenting with shock were included in this study during that period of time. Patient’s demography, clinical profile, provisional diagnosis and treatment were analyzed.

 

Results: In two month period, 40 patients presented with shock to the emergency. Out of them 21(53.3 %) were female and 17(47.7%) were male. Commonest presenting complain was fever and shortness of breath 12(31.6%) each, shortness of breath followed by diarrhea 6(13.4%) and shortness of breath 5(13.2%). The diagnosis was as follows; septic shock 17(44.7%), hypovolaemic shock 10(26.3%), cardiogenic shock 7(18.4%) and unclassified 4(10.5%). Out of 17 patients with septic shock, 12 patient had pneumonia. Mean duration of stay in emergency was 100.6 minutes, minimum 30 minutes and maximum 225 minutes. Mean fluid given in emergency was 2328.9 milliliters, minimum 1000 millilitres and maximum 5000 millilitres.

 

Conclusions: Sepsis was an important cause of shock in the emergency department. Pneumonia was common cause of sepsis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was common underlying condition.

 

Keywords: emergency, lactate, shock

 


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