Self-rating depression during early postoperative period after colostomy following radical surgery for rectal cancer

Xue Hao, Ma Liying, Zhong Ming, Jay Shah

Abstract


Introductions: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is 3rd most common cancer. Half of which requires colostomy. It leads to anxiety and depression with less than optimal quality of life. Zung Self-rating Depression Scale is a reliable tool used in Chinese population for identifying and addressing mental health status for appropriate education. The aim of this study is to investigate the depression state in rectal cancer patients after colostomy, then analyze its influence factors.

 

Methods: A cross sectional study in rectal cancer patients who had colostomy after radical surgery for rectal cancer were investigated for depression during early postoperative period within one week using Zung’s self-rating depression scale (SDS). Multiple logistic regression analysis was done to identify the risk factor.

 

Results: There were 55 colostomies patients (male 30 and female 25 patients, age 50.11+/-13.17 years) after rectal cancer surgery during the study period. The SDS score of was higher than national norm (P<0.01). The risk factors for depression were female gender, younger age, lower economic status, and lesser degree of understanding of the disease.

 

Conclusions: The depression level of rectal cancer patients after colostomy was higher than normal population, especially in female, young age, with poor understanding of disease and lower economy status. The effective measures should be targeted to strengthen the health psychosocial health of these patients.

 

Keywords: colorectal cancer, colostomy, early postoperative depression, Zung self-rating depression score SDS


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